Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

SEALED LEAD ACID BATTERIES - COMPLIANCE
SEALED LEAD ACID BATTERIES - INSTALLATION
SEALED LEAD ACID BATTERIES - GENERAL
LITHIUM BATTERIES - TRANSPORTATION
LITHIUM BATTERIES - SERIES & PARALLEL
LITHIUM BATTERIES - GENERAL
LITHIUM BATTERIES - BLUETOOTH
BATTERY CHARGING - GENERAL
LITHIUM POWERSPORT BATTERIES - GENERAL
SLA POWERSPORT BATTERIES - GENERAL
UPS SYSTEMS - GENERAL

CE certification of electrical/electronic devices relates to electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). The certifications and tests related to this are designed to ensure that electromagnetic radiation (which are really radio waves) from components do not interfere with other devices such as TV, radio, computers, medical equipment and mobile phones. Types of devices that do not radiate electromagnetic radiation, such as lead acid batteries, are not required to undergo the tests.

The EU Battery Directive (2006/66/EC) regulates the manufacturing and disposal of batteries and accumulators in the European Union to protect human health and the environment from hazardous substances such as mercury and cadmium.

Paragraph (Recital) 29 of the Directive states: “Directive 2002/95/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment does not apply to batteries and accumulators used in electrical and electronic equipment.” Power Sonic's Sealed Lead Acid (SLA) batteries are in compliance with the Battery Directive, as our batteries are clearly labelled in the required manner. The EU Directive states that the batteries be labelled with the symbol of a crossed out wheelie bin with the chemical identification of the material to be recycled.

Article 33 (1) of the REACH regulation (Reg. EC 1907/2006), which entered into force on 1st of June 2007 in the European Union, requires that manufacturers communicate the presence of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) in articles (lead batteries) in concentration greater than 0.1% by weight.

In accordance to REACH regulation (Reg. EC 1907/2006), which entered into force on 1st of June 2007 in the EU, requires that manufacturers declare the presence of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHC) in articles (lead batteries) with concentration greater than 0.1% by weight. The European Chemical Agency (ECHA) updated the Candidate List effective on the 27th of June 2018, with the inclusion of Lead Metal (CAS No.: 7439-92-1). All Power Sonic sealed lead acid batteries contain Lead as a SVHC in concentration greater than 0.1% by weight.

The ROHS directive (Restriction of Hazardous Substances in Electrical Equipment) covers the same scope as the WEEE directive (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment). Batteries and accumulators do not fall into any of the ten categories listed by the WEEE directive). Therefore, Power Sonic range of products are outside the scope of each of these directives.

Lead acid batteries must never be charged or discharged in a sealed environment. Batteries generate a mixture of gasses internally. Given the right set of circumstances, such as extreme overcharging or shorting of the battery, these gasses might vent into the enclosure and create the potential for an explosion when ignited by a spark. Generally, ventilation inherent in most enclosures is sufficient to avoid problems.

The most likely reason is that they have not come up to full capacity yet. A brand-new battery will have a capacity (AH) 5-10% lower than the rated capacity. The full amp hour will be reached when the battery has been cycled several times.

Power Sonic sealed lead acid batteries can be operated in virtually any orientation without loss of capacity or electrolyte leakage. However, upside down operation is not recommended.

The terminals of any sealed lead acid battery should not be bent. They are bonded in place with epoxy and bending the terminals may crack the epoxy and allow electrolyte to leak out and air to enter the battery. This will shorten the life of the battery, may cause damage due to the electrolyte spillage and will void the warranty.

When charging batteries in parallel (positive terminals are connected to the positive terminal and negative terminals to the negative), all batteries in the string will receive the same charge voltage but the charge current each battery receives will vary until equalization is reached. We have created a guide to parallel and series configuration of batteries

IIn connecting batteries in series (increases voltage) the positive terminal of the first battery is connected to the negative terminal of the second battery and so on down the string. The interconnecting cables must be of equal length and resistance to insure equalization of the load. All batteries in the string will receive the same amount of charge current, though individual battery voltages may vary. Differences in capacity can cause some batteries to overcharge while others remain undercharged thus causing premature aging of batteries. It is, therefore, not advisable to mix batteries of different capacities, make, or age in a series string. We have created a guide on connection batteries in series and parallel

Torque settings can be found on our Battery Terminal Detail Download

A brand new battery will have a capacity (AH) 5-10% lower than the rated capacity. The full amp hour will be reached when the battery has been cycled several times.

Yes you can use two 12 volt batteries by connecting them in series. Positive is connected to negative and negative is connected to positive. How to configure 2 batteries in series

You can find all our MSDS on our downloads page by clicking 'Material Safety Data Sheets' at the top. Power Sonic Downloads

Our lead acid batteries are rated at either the 20 hour rate (ah), 10 hour rate (ah) or they are rated at the 15min rate (w/c).

There are many factors effecting battery life which can be found in our SLA technical manual

Many of our batteries have NSN numbers. These can be found here.

Power Sonic publishes the internal resistance of all of our sealed lead acid batteries on page one of the individual battery specification sheets. These can be found on the individual product pages or in the downloads section.

Operating temperatures including charging, discharging and storage can all be found on the individual battery data sheets.

The life of a battery will depend upon a number of factors including application, operating temperature and the charging method. You can find the design life of the battery on the individual data sheets.

Both kinds of batteries are valve regulated types. The difference lies in the way the electrolyte is immobilized. In case of an absorbed electrolyte type (AGM), the electrolyte is absorbed by the glass fibre separator which acts like a sponge. In a gel-type battery the liquid electrolyte is converted into a gel during the manufacturing process. Gel batteries use a different type of separator, the internal design is otherwise similar.

When a battery is being used as a power source on a regular basis and it is being discharged and subsequently recharged, the battery is said to be in cyclic use. The determining factor in the life of this battery is the number of charge/discharge cycles that can be completed. In cyclical applications up to 1,000 charge/discharge cycles can be expected depending on the average depth of discharge. Standby batteries are meant to act as an emergency power source where the main power source has failed for some reason. Consequently, standby batteries are kept fully charged so that they can “kick in” immediately. The batteries remain connected to a float charger that will keep the battery fully charged and ready for use. In standby use the batteries have a design life of up to 5/10/12/16/20 years depending on the product range.

The number of charge/discharge cycles that can be achieved before a battery reaches the end of its’ useful life. The number of cycles depends on the capacity taken from the battery (a function of discharge rate and depth of discharge), operating temperature and charging method.

The life expectancy of a battery under continuous float charge. In float applications the frequency of This depends on the frequency and depth of discharge, the float voltage and the ambient temperature.

Power Sonic batteries are extremely safe providing sensible handling, installation and charging practices are followed.

Our AGM battery cases and lids are made from ABS plastic that complies with a specific UL rating. Depending on the application, some cases are manufactured from ABS that has a higher resistance to flame than the standard model.

All our sealed lead acid batteries utilize a lead-calcium alloy free of antimony. The small amount of calcium (and tin) in the grid alloy imparts strength to the plate and guarantees durability even in excessive cycle service. The heavy duty lead calcium alloy grids provide an extra margin of performance and life in both cyclical and float applications and give unparalleled recovery from deep discharge.

SLA and VRLA are different acronyms for the same battery, Sealed Lead Acid or Valve Regulated Lead Acid. This battery type has the following characteristics: Maintenance-free, leak-proof, position insensitive. Batteries of this kind have a safety vent to release gas in case of excessive internal pressure build up. AGM, Absorbed Glass Mat refers to a specific type of SLA/VRLA where the electrolyte is absorbed into separators between the plates consisting of sponge like fine glass fibre mats.

You should never seek to add acid to our sealed batteries. Our VRLA batteries are a closed system that works on a recombination principle. To produce a truly maintenance free battery it is necessary that the gasses generated during overcharge are recombined in a so called “oxygen cycle”.

Yes, detailed information can be found in our technical battery manual.

The conventional direction is from positive terminal (anode) to negative terminal (cathode). This is the direction of the electric field within the wire.

Due to the nature of the materials used, this type of battery does not develop any memory.

Detailed information on the battery chemistry can be found in our technical battery manual.

Our batteries have a low self-discharge rate which permits storage of a fully charged battery up to 9 months . However, it is important that a battery be charged within six months after receipt to account for the storage from the date of manufacture to the date of purchase. Otherwise, permanent loss of capacity might occur as a result of sulfation. The rate of self discharge will vary in accordance with the ambient temperature, the higher the temperature the higher the rate of self discharge.

Yes. Lithium batteries are classified as "Dangerous Goods" under IATA DG Regulations, since charged battery shipments may overheat and ignite under certain conditions.

The international UN Regulation for the Transport of Dangerous Goods.

UN3480

UN3481

Yes, all persons involved in the preparation and shipping of dangerous goods shall be trained in the requirements governing the carriage of such goods, appropriate to their responsibilities and duties.

Yes, the classification is made at UN level, but every transport mode may introduce specific restrictions or exemptions.

UN38.3

No, sea and air transport regulations are more restrictive and do not provide exemptions.

Yes. Lithium batteries shall be proved to meet the testing requirements of the Manual of Tests and Criteria, part III, sub-section 38.3, irrespective of whether the lithium cells of which they are composed are of a tested type or not.

Anyone offering a battery for shipment (alone, installed in or packaged with equipment), is responsible for ensuring that the battery itself meets all the appropriate requirements of the appropriate shipping regulations. This includes testing, marking, labelling, packaging and documentation requirements.

Dangerous goods regulations foresees exceptions or special provisions for the shipment of cells and batteries for testing purposes. Road and maritime transportation of prototype cells and batteries do not require any prior approvals but are subject to stringent packaging requirements; air transportation is subject to approval.

Yes, but the conditions are less restrictive of the individual batteries and vary according to the characteristics and the number of elements and batteries.

Yes, as a consignor offering a battery for shipment (alone, installed in or packaged with equipment), is responsible for ensuring that the battery itself meets all the appropriate requirements of the appropriate shipping regulations.

Yes, batteries shall be protected from short circuit, and when installed in equipment or machinery they shall be protected from unintentional activation during transport.

All Power Sonic lithium batteries are UN 38.3 tested for hazardous goods. Only batteries with a capacity greater than 300 Wh, or between 100 and 300 Wh and weigh more than 29.9 kg are shipment restricted. Power Sonic's UN38.3 certificates can be found on the individual product page under related downloads.

BS EN 62133-2:2017

Lithium batteries are classified as Class 9 in two instances. 1. When shipping by air (note that all lithium batteries are required to have a 30% state of charge or less if shipped by air). 2. Lithium batteries that have a capacity greater than 300 Wh, or between 100 and 299 Wh and weigh more than 29.9 kg, are considered Class 9 when shipping by ground. Batteries with lower capacity and weight can ship at a less restrictive class. For more information on shipping lithium batteries, please see your carrier’s requirements.

Yes, but if the lithium batteries qualify for Class 9 shipping, the entire pallet or container ships Class 9.

All Power Sonic PSL-BT and PSL-SC batteries can be used in parallel. All models support using 4 batteries in parallel without additional engineering required. Up to six batteries can be installed in parallel if the total current of the circuit is below the 1C rating of a single battery, e.g. six PSL-BTC-1290 batteries can be installed in parallel if the circuit is design for less than 9 A. The PSL-SH batteries cannot be used in parallel. Power Sonic provides an installation guide for parallel installations.

Only Power Sonic batteries beginning with PSL-SC or PSL-SH can be used in series. The limit is four batteries in series on the PSL-SC line and two in series on the PSL-SH line. Power Sonic provides an installation guide for installing batteries in series.

Power Sonic lithium batteries cannot be installed in parallel and series at the same time.

As mentioned previously, up to six PSL-BT and PSL-SC batteries can be used in parallel if the circuit current is below the 1 C rating of the batteries. Installing more than 4 batteries in series or parallel requires the use of an external battery management unit to manage all batteries on the string. This is currently not supported by Power Sonic.

Yes. Power Sonic provides specific guidelines for string matching of batteries installed in series or parallel.

Unlike sealed lead acid batteries, Lithium batteries have a battery management system which provides current and voltage protection. These protective circuits can interfere with the charging of the batteries when long strings are employed without an external battery management unit. Strings longer than 4-6 are more likely to experience issues and are not supported. This will vary, so please check the battery specifications to ensure strings do not exceed their max.

The voltage of a lithium battery is relatively flat during discharge when compared to an SLA as can be seen in the graph below. The OCV is also relatively flat with SOC and should only be used as a reference when estimating the state of charge.
Voltage vs soc

Lithium batteries are like lead acid batteries in that the capacity of the battery is higher with warmer temperatures. The graph below shows a typical voltage versus capacity curve for Lithium at a discharge rate of 0.5C. For temperatures above 0o C the capacity is only slightly impacted by temperature. Temperatures below 0o C have lower capacity that decreases with decreasing temperature. One thing to note is that self-heating of the battery during discharge can mitigates the loss in capacity. This is the voltage rise between 5% capacity and 50% capacity when discharged at 0.5C at a temperature -10o C.
lithium at various temps

In general, the voltage drops with increasing discharge rate as does the capacity. The Capacity is nearly independent of discharge rate for discharge rates between C/2 and C/8, and only decreases slightly at 1C when voltage reached 10 V. Lower discharge rate will slightly increase capacity.

Lithium batteries are designed to be cycled and have excellent life even when cycled at 100% depth of discharge.

Like all batteries, high temperatures will lower the life expectancy of the lithium battery. However, although at very high temperatures the cycle life can be reduced by a factor of ten the cycle life at high temperatures is still above the lead acid equivalent.

In SLA float applications, the voltage of the charger is 13.65-13.8. When a lithium battery is dropped in as an SLA replacement on a float charge at 13.8V, the lithium battery may not be fully charged, but it can be used. Float charging a lithium battery might also degrade the capacity at a higher rate.

Power Sonic lithium batteries recover from a deep discharge when connected to a charger with a voltage of 14.6.

There are many differences between lithium and lead acid batteries. Power Sonic have put together a complete guide to the differences between lead acid and lithium which you can read by clicking the link below. Lithium and Lead Acid Batteries - A Complete Guide

There are different types of monitoring circuitry used in lithium batteries including balancing circuits, protection circuit modules and battery management systems. For more details please read our guide to Lithium Smart Batteries

Refer to our guide onHow to charge a lithium battery

Yes, Power Sonic lithium batteries can be installed in any orientation without the risk of leakage.

You can download the Power Sonic Bluetooth battery app at the following links Google Play App Store

Yes there is. You can download via the link below. Lithium Bluetooth User Manual

The Bluetooth function works within 5 meters of the battery. The range can be influenced by obstructions such as wall, windows, etc. and should be checked during battery installation.

The lithium Bluetooth battery may have some communication limitations if enclosed in a thick or metal enclosure.

Currently, the event history is not stored. Only active events are displayed.

Short circuit Short circuit clear Hi-Temp when charging Hi-Temp when discharging Low-Temp when charging Low-Temp when discharging Over current when discharging Over current when charging Low voltage High voltage Temp returned to normal Current returned to normal Voltage returned to normal

The only information that is written from your phone to the battery is the name of the battery when changed.

It is currently protected with a generic password. Use “1234” to check series voltage and “5678” to rename the battery.

At this time, there is not a reset of the battery to factor defaults. The factory default name of the battery is the serial number which is labelled on the battery.

The Bluetooth application only reads information broadcasted by the battery, it does not store information. Changes made by the application to the battery, e.g. changing the batteries name, are sent to the battery and stored in the battery memory.

No, a gel battery requires a different charge profile that involves lower voltages for the absorption and float stages

This is not recommended and should be avoided due to the possibility of over charging and or undercharging the batteries.

No. If you are using a three stage charger model it is best to leave the charger plugged in and switched on and connected to the battery. The fully charged light simply indicates that the charger has completed its charge cycle and has now gone into the trickle charging phase.

If a battery has a faulty cell (internal short) it will not reach the on charge voltage required by the charger to switch to the trickle charge mode also know as float voltage mode.

This is the process through which a battery charger returns a battery to its full capacity, which will vary with the age of the battery.

A three stage battery charger is what Power Sonic recommends.

Stage One; is the commonly called the bulk charging stage. Assuming the battery is in a discharged condition the charger will begin in a constant current as the battery’s voltage rises returning it to approximately 80% of its capacity. Stage 2; is commonly called the absorption charging stage. As the battery voltage rises and the target voltage (this voltage varies with battery chemistry) the charger holds its voltage at a constant level and the battery’s current is allowed to reduce. During this stage the remaining 20% of the battery’s capacity is replaced. Stage 3; is commonly called the maintenance or float charging stage. The voltage of the battery is at a constant voltage slightly below the absorption voltage, maintaining the full charge condition of the battery without over charging it. This stage is known as float mode.

Yes, however it is NOT recommended due to the charger DC output may be higher than the battery’s normal voltage output.

Yes, you can estimate the recharging time by dividing the amps to be replaced in a battery by the charger amp output. Keep in mind that multistage chargers taper the current after approximately 80% to 85% of the charging is completed so it will take about one additional hour to fully complete the charge.

We recommend that you do not charge a lithium battery with a lead acid charger. Lithium batteries are not like lead acid and chemically react different during a charging cycle. A lithium battery charger has a higher voltage per cell as well as tighter voltage tolerances during the different charging stages and no third stage during which the charger switches to a trickle/float charge setting which not required for a lithium battery due the the very low self discharge rate of the battery. Refer to our guide onHow to charge a lithium battery

Power Sonic offer a wide range of SLA and lithium battery chargers covering the vast majority of our battery portfolio.

Charging times can vary substantially depending upon so many variable factors including: • Depth of discharge • Charging temperature • Size and efficiency of the charging equipment • Age and condition of the battery For further information see our technical battery manual.

These can be found on ourdownloads pagein the chargers section.

The impact of over charging is differs for lead acid batteries and lithium batteries. For a lead acid battery over charging results in too high a charge voltage, excessive current will flow into the battery, after the battery has reached full charge. This will cause decomposition of the water in the electrolyte and premature aging. At high rates of overcharge a battery will progressively heat up. As it gets hotter it will accept more current, heating up even further. This is called thermal runaway and it can destroy a battery in as little as a few hours. A lithium battery has protection circuitry that will either prevent the excess current from entering the battery (this is the case of batteries with battery management systems or protective circuit modules) or will convert the excessive current to heat through a resister (this is the case of a balance circuit). Both methods of handling the excessive current protect the battery from over charging.

The electrolytes in an auto battery and a sealed lead acid battery have different specific gravities. Different chargers are required for each type. Using an auto charger could result in heat being generated inside a Power Sonic battery; this in turn would shorten the battery life. Please contact our technical department if you need help in determining a suitable charger.

As a result of too high a charge voltage excessive current will flow into the battery, after reaching full charge, causing decomposition of water in the electrolyte and premature aging. At high rates of overcharge a battery will progressively heat up. As the battery gets hotter it will accept more current heating up even further. This is called thermal runaway and it can destroy a battery in as little as a few hours.

Power Sonic only offers 6 and 12 volt chargers and as such we do not have a suitable charger available for charging a single 4 volt battery.

Power Sonic only offers 6 and 12 volt chargers and as such we do not have a suitable charger available for charging a single 2 volt battery.

Chargers do not contain any customer serviceable components and should not be opened under any circumstances. Doing so would void the warranty and could lead to damage to property and/or result in personal injury.

In order to properly charge any type of battery you must use the appropriate charger best suited for your battery. To choose the charger that will best charge and condition your battery you will need to know the voltage, its capacity in amp hours and the type/chemistry. Power Sonic have a selection of battery chargers available.

You must first determine the type of battery you will be charging. Wet Cell (flooded), AGM also known as VRLA, GEL, SLA or lithium. Once you have determined the battery type you will need to identify the battery’s voltage and amp hour rating. A typical battery chargers’ voltage will range from a 6 to a 12 volt capacity , which will correspond with your 6 or 12 volt battery. The amp hour rating capacity of most chargers will range from 0.3 to 20 amp hours but if necessary can certainly go beyond that. In order to determine the correct amp hour capacity of the charger you will need to find the maximum rate of charge of the battery. This information is usually printed on the side or front of a battery or included in the published data sheet for the battery. For example the information may read “initial maximum current,” If you need a charger for a Power Sonic battery you will find the recommended charger model on the battery data sheet.

The battery charger must accommodate the required current in order to restore your battery to full charge. Try and avoid chargers with higher amperage ratings because you want to charge your battery in shorter period of time. Charging your battery at higher current rates can cause your battery to overheat and possible go in to a thermal runaway condition that will permanently damage the battery. In as much as it may increase the charging time-you may want to you may select a charger with fewer amps which will increase the time to charge your battery. If you are not in a rush this is always the best way to safely recondition your battery.

The time it takes to recharge your batteries will depend on both the battery and charger size/capacity more commonly varying anywhere from 4 to 16 hours. For example to fully recharge a 12V 7ah SLA battery. using a 12 V 1.8 Amp Hour charger would take approximately 4.5 hours if the battery was in a fully discharged condition.

A good quality charger will assist you in extending the useful life of your battery by protecting against under and overcharging. Low cost chargers are much more limited in their charging capabilities. For constant maximum battery performance always choose a battery charger that compliments the chemistry, voltage and amp hour capacity of your battery.

In most Powersport applications, Lithium batteries are direct replacements for SLA Batteries. However, in some Powersports applications, the charging systems can’t maintain the necessary voltage to support a lithium battery. Lithium batteries should optimally be charged at 14.6 Volts to maintain battery health and keep the battery properly charged. In general, charging voltage and termination current aren’t as critical as during deep cycle applications because some degradation in capacity won’t affect the intended application.

Colder conditions effect the amount of voltage and amperage the battery is capable of. Colder temperatures reduce battery voltage and ultimately reduce the amount of amperage than can be drawn from the battery before it drops below a certain voltage. Conversely, hotter temperatures increase the amperage than can be drawn from the battery. There are two common terms referring to standardized tests performed on Powersports batteries – Cranking Amps and Cold Cranking Amps. Cranking Amps (CA) and Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) are both a measure of how much current a battery can sustain for a given duration of time. The difference is the temperature the tests are performed at. The Cranking Amps (CA) rating is a measurement of the maximum current a battery can draw for 30 seconds before dropping below 7.2 Volts at 32 degrees F (0 C). Cold Cranking Amps (CCA) is the same test at 0 degrees F (-18 C). Our lithium Hyper Sport batteries are tested slightly different from SLA Powersports batteries. Our Lithium Hyper Sport batteries are typically tested for the maximum current they can draw for a duration of 5 to 10 seconds at 25 C before they drop below 8.0 Volts.

If a battery is not performing to our specifications, the issue may be a result of the following: • Faulty charging system (Incorrect Voltage or Current) • Dirty or corroded terminals • High parasitic drain in the electrical system • The battery is incorrectly sized for the application • Neglect or insufficient Battery maintenance Hard starts are a sign of a dying battery and the battery can be tested with a voltmeter. A healthy 12 volt battery should read greater than 12.9 volts at rest. Readings less than 12.9 volts on a fully charged battery are an indication of a serviceable battery.

You can use our powersports application guide which covers motorcycles, all terrain, utility, watercraft, snowmobiles and lawn and garden vehicles. You can also use the battery finder on our powersports battery page.

Yes, you can mount the battery in any orientation.

Power Sonic Hyper Sport battery is made of extremely high energy density lithium iron phosphate material, and it is designed by a special team of engineers who have experience in the motorcycle battery market for years. The watt density is much higher than existing lead-acid battery, and it can realize the high rate discharge capacity. So even though the capacity is lower than traditional battery, it can be used normally, and perform better than traditional batteries.

If battery will not be used for more than two weeks, it is better to remove the battery from the vehicles and stored. In order to avoid batteries discharging by tiny current in vehicles, which may cause battery failure by overcharge. Normally, if the full charge battery is stored one year or longer, the left capacity still can start the motorcycle successfully. Accordingly, it doesn’t need to disconnect the battery and motorcycle cable if no current is asked by the motorcycle when the key is off. If additional security instalment or control system in the motorcycle, The motorcycle still delivers the current to keep the clock, computer and security instalment operating when the key is off. In this case that the motorcycle is in storage for long time, the battery will be damaged after battery full discharge. In this case we recommend to remove the battery or disconnect the battery cable if you do not use the motorcycle for two weeks or longer.

Lithium batteries cranking performance will be degraded as temperature drops,. However, they still react to cranking under -10C. Lead-acid batteries will increase resistance on each subsequent cranking attempt, until it won’t turn anymore. If your Lithium Iron Phosphate battery fails to start on first crank, than that first start has probably warmed the battery, and the second attempt will be much stronger, and so on until you get a good start.

All batteries (both lead acid and lithium chemistries) are somewhat susceptible to cold temperatures. While we’ve found that the cells in our batteries perform a bit better in the cold when compared to the cells we’ve tested from our competitors, if you cold-soak your battery by leaving your bike parked outside in 0F degree weather for a week, you might need to leave the headlights on for a few minutes, or connect a charger for a minute, or thumb the starter to wake it up. You shouldn’t see any permanent damage due to cold temperatures usually encountered in areas where people own motorcycles. All batteries lose cranking amps in colder temperatures. Every make, model, and year of vehicles has different amounts of cranking amps needed to turn the engine over. You also have to factor in the health and maintenance of the vehicle as well. So the answer is: it depends. Some vehicles have no issues starting at 0F while some may have an issue. What is unique about a lithium battery, is you can warm the internal components by simply trying to start your vehicle. Do not try starting your vehicle for more than 10 seconds per minute as that is not good for your vehicle or battery, but after attempting to start the vehicle, wait one minute, try again. Depending on the amount of warming up needed to get the desired cranking amps, the amount of times needed to do this varies. You can do this a few ways: 1. Turn on the headlights for a few minutes- until they are bright 2. Hold the horn button for a few minutes- until it sounds normal 3. Cycle the fuel pump 10-15 times, until it sounds normal You should then be able to start your powersport vehicle.

Power Sonic Hyper Sport Batteries are water resistant/splash proof. They are perfectly fine to use while riding in the rain or through streams, but they should not be completely submerged in water. Our batteries are tested to be resistant to most chemicals found in powersport environments. This includes most solvents, cleaners, oils, greases, and fuels.

You can use our powersports application guide which covers motorcycles, all terrain, utility, watercraft, snowmobiles and lawn and garden vehicles. You can also use the battery finder on our powersports battery page.

AGM batteries (also referred to as VLRA or Sealed Maintenance Free) do not require you to maintain the electrolyte levels. AGM batteries must never be opened once in service or permanent damage and failure will occur. As with the conventional batteries, once you have cleaned and inspected the battery, charge it per the manufacturer’s instructions. With the batteries in a full state of charge, you may wish to store it in a cool dry area away from children and pets. You may also choose to reinstall it in the vehicle. Either way, allow yourself access to the battery so you can periodically check your state of charge, or simply attach a battery charger/ maintainer to it. Maintaining your battery state of charge during extended periods of storage is essential to insure the maximum service life is delivered.

There are a few reasons why this type of fault can occur. A few of the most common are: • Faulty alarm systems can drain a battery in a very short space of time as can powersport vehicles left for long periods with an alarm armed. • A faulty regulator/rectifier (or reg/rec) can fail to charge a battery. The reg/rec regulates the direction of the electrical charge & how much charge is produced from the engine, they do tend to fail occasionally & will impact the charge of a battery if not working properly. A simple test to check if the reg/rec is working properly is to rev the motorbike or scooter with the headlight on, if it's working properly, the light will get brighter as the revs increase, if the light gets dimmer as you rev the engine, the reg/rec is probably faulty & may need replacing. • A common & often overlooked problem is loose battery terminals which can cause running & starting problems. Check the battery terminal bolts are as tight a possible & recheck them occasionally to ensure they haven't worked loose.

If a battery does not perform to the published standards shortly after installation it may be in response to one or more of the following issues: • There may be a faulty charging system • The electrical system may have short circuited • The terminals on the battery are dirty or not properly connected • High parasitic drains or excessive ignition off drains • The electrical capacity of the battery is insufficient for the size of the vehicle

The sealed batteries, AGM and true Gel, all but eliminate the mechanical maintenance issues. AGM and true Gel batteries should be stored fully charged and do not benefit from cycling/discharging. The newer microprocessor chargers allow long term maintenance with a float mode, which will not overcharge the batteries. Batteries used infrequently and not on a float charger should be topped up about once a month if possible. This helps prevent sulfation build up.

Sulfation, the number one cause of early battery failure, is crystals of lead sulphate (PbS04) which have formed on the lead storage plates in a lead-acid type battery. When a battery is improperly charged (over/under) or allowed to self-discharge as occurs during storage/non-use, these crystals build up on the battery’s storage plates and can harden, preventing the battery from ever being fully charged and therefore able to deliver their full power/capacity. Batteries that sit unattended for extended periods are subject to internal discharge and the degradation/destruction of capacity that sulfation introduces.

AGM powersport batteries can be mounted on their sides with no problems, but should not be mounted upside down.

Standing voltage, or resting voltage, is measured when a fully charged battery is allowed to set until the surface voltage acquired during a charge cycle has dissipated. This takes about 12 hours. At this point, a fully charged lead-acid type battery would measure 12.7 to 12.8 volts for a 12-volt battery, and 6.3 volts for a 6-volt battery. Some high-performance AGM batteries may measure even higher.

Sluggish starts are the most obvious sign of a dying battery, but the real way to tell is to test it with a voltmeter. A healthy 12 volt battery should ideally register around 12.7-12.8 volts at rest, but anywhere between 12.5-13.5 volts indicates a serviceable battery. Once a battery drops below 12.4 volts, your bike will struggle to start, and at under 11.8 volts, 12 volt batteries are considered to be dead.

• VRLA: Valve Regulated Lead Acid • AGM: Absorbed Glass Mat • SMF: Sealed Maintenance Free • SLA: Sealed Lead Acid

There are a few types of powersport batteries available on the market including AGM, conventional and lithium. Take a look at our blog which goes through them in more detail. Types of powersport and motorcycle batteries.

A UPS system is defined as an Uninterruptible Power Supply system. This is a unit / device that provides power in the event of power failure. The primary role of any UPS is to provide short-term power when the input power source fails. Many UPS systems are also capable of correcting common utility power problems such as Spikes, Surges, Brownouts and Black outs. This is all depending on the topology of the UPS such as the unit being designed as “Offline”, “Line Interactive” or “Online”.

You will need a UPS system to provide power in the event of power Interruption or power failure.

A load is referred to the equipment connected to a UPS. For example; this can be a fileserver, a PC, a datacentre, CCTV, a lift or anything that is defined as critical in the event of power disruption.

A UPS can be beneficial to a power system because it can provide backup for critical equipment such as servers until an alternate power source such as a standby generator is switched on. Another advantage of a UPS is their cost compared to losing power. The small cost of a UPS outweighs the cost of losing power to the load connected to the UPS.

No.

A True Online double Conversion UPS takes AC current and converts this to DC current and DC current back into AC current to provide a pure sinewave output to the load that is connected to the UPS.

Line Interactive UPS systems utilise in the same manner as an offline UPS system but there are additional circuits built into the system that regulate the power on the output. The Line Interactive UPS supplies the critical load through the bypass line and transfer the load through the inverter in the event of bypass supply failure i.e. power issue.

Yes. Power Sonic can provide additional battery packs to extend runtimes on all True Online Double Conversion UPS systems. Power Sonic however does not provide extended runtimes for Line Interactive UPS systems.

Power Sonic supply a range of rack mounted UPS systems from 1KVA up to 10KVA all in single phase. The 6KVA and 10KVA UPS systems can be paralleled up to 4 to provide up to 40KVA in single phase power. The PowerPure RT series can be configured in either rack or tower. The PowerSteady series is a tower configuration.

2 years.

This is the ratio of real power (W) to apparent Power which is shown as VA (Volt Amps).

When calculating what size of UPS system, you require, the user must collect the following data of any equipment to be connected:  VA or Watts rating  Runtime required  Power Factor Required  Voltage required Once this information is gathered please contact us and we can size up the correct UPS system for your requirement.

The UPS and inverter both provide the backup supply to the electrical system. A True Online Double Conversion UPS has a built in Inverter. The main difference between the two is a UPS switches from the mains supply to battery immediately but an inverter is much longer. Typically, 4-10ms.

Yes. all Power Sonic UPS have Eco-Mode topology. This means units can be switched into eco mode to increase efficiency by running the UPS in off-Line mode if required.

Power Sonic provide a range of UPS systems with Power Output from as little as 1 minute to 24 hours. This all depends on the application of device and what you hope to achieve. We build systems with extra battery chargers to cope with long runtimes and charging capabilities. For extended runtimes contact us.

Yes. Power Sonic offer a range of plug and play extra battery packs on the PowerPure RT range of UPS systems.

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